Erik the Red. Gefällt Mal. tvopjepc.nu Erik „der Rote“ Thorvaldsson (altnord./isländ. Eiríkr / Eiríkur rauði Þorvaldsson, norweg. Das Album „Eric the Red“ der färöischen Metalband Týr ist nach Erik. Mai Íslenska: is:Eiríkur rauði Þorvaldsson: Eiríkur rauði (d. um ) var fyrstur til að nema land á Grænlandi og var faðir Leifs Eiríkssonar.
Erik the Red is also famous for being the father of Leif Erikson , who is well-known for being the first known European to have discovered North America excluding Greenland.
Know about the life, family, exploration, achievements and death of Erik the Red through these 10 interesting facts.
The Sagas of Icelanders are prose narratives that are based on historical events related to Iceland that took place in the 9th, 10th and early 11th centuries.
Though parts of the sagas are fanciful, it is believed that they are mostly based on historical truth. It might also have been earned due to his temper , which was known to be volatile.
Along with his family, he moved to Hornstrandir in north-western Iceland. In retaliation, Erik killed Eyjiolf and another man named Holmgang-Hrafn.
After being banished, Erik moved to another part of Iceland, the island of Oxney. Setstokkr are ornamented beams with Viking symbols which have mystical value for them.
Erik entrusted his setstokkr, which his father had brought from Norway, to a fellow settler named Thorgest. When he had built his new house, Erik went to reclaim his setstokkr but Thorgest refused.
Erik ultimately obtained them and Thorgest gave chase. The dispute was resolved at the governing assembly and Erik was exiled for three years for manslaughter.
After being exiled in , Erik the Red set sail to seek a land to the west of Iceland which had been reportedly spotted by a Norwegian named Gunnbjorn Ulfsson around a century earlier.
Erik covered around nautical miles of ocean before reaching the coast of a glacial land, which we now know as Greenland.
Erik was wealthy, fearsome, and a leader in his community. Rather than wait for community leaders to mete out justice, Erik took the law into his own hands and killed his neighbor and Eyiolf.
Leaders banished Erik and his family, and so he moved north to the island of Oxney. There, another neighbor named Thorgest caused trouble for Erik.
Erik loaned some wooden beams to Thorgest, a fellow settler on Oxney. The special beams, known as setstokkr , held a mystical significance in the Norse pagan religion.
When Erik wanted his beams of wood back, Thorgest refused. Erik came and took them by force. Fearing retaliation by Thorgest, Erik took the initiative.
At his trial, Erik the Red was found guilty of murder. He was banished once again, this time for a period of three years.
This time, Erik moved even further west just like his dad once did. He founded a Viking colony on the island of Greenland at the southernmost tip somewhere around or According to records from the time, Galti headed the first Norse attempt to colonize Greenland, which ended in disaster.
Erik the Red was the first permanent European settler. In this context, about , Erik sailed to a somewhat mysterious and little-known land.
He rounded the southern tip of the island later known as Cape Farewell and sailed up the western coast. He eventually reached a part of the coast that, for the most part, seemed ice-free and consequently had conditions—similar to those of Iceland—that promised growth and future prosperity.
According to the Saga of Erik the Red , he spent his three years of exile exploring this land. The first winter he spent on the island of Eiriksey, the second winter he passed in Eiriksholmar close to Hvarfsgnipa.
In the final summer he explored as far north as Snaefell and into Hrafnsfjord. When Erik returned to Iceland after his exile had expired, he is said to have brought with him stories of "Greenland".
Erik deliberately gave the land a more appealing name than "Iceland" in order to lure potential settlers. He explained, "people would be attracted to go there if it had a favorable name".
His salesmanship proved successful, as many people especially "those Vikings living on poor land in Iceland" and those that had suffered a "recent famine" became convinced that Greenland held great opportunity.
After spending the winter in Iceland, Erik returned to Greenland in with a large number of colonists. Out of 25 ships that left for Greenland only 14 arrived, 11 were lost at sea.
Eventually, a Middle Settlement grew, but many people suggest it formed part of the Western Settlement. The Eastern and Western Settlements, both established on the southwest coast, proved the only two areas suitable for farming.
During the summers, when the weather favored travel more, each settlement would send an army of men to hunt in Disko Bay above the Arctic Circle for food and other valuable commodities such as seals used for rope , ivory from walrus tusks, and beached whales.
He held the title of paramount chieftain of Greenland and became both greatly respected and wealthy. The settlement flourished, growing to 5, inhabitants spread over a considerable area along Eriksfjord and neighboring fjords.
Groups of immigrants escaping overcrowding in Iceland joined the original party. However, one group of immigrants which arrived in brought with it an epidemic that ravaged the colony, killing many of its leading citizens , including Erik himself.
Pirate raids,  conflict with Inuit moving into the Norse territories, and the colony's abandonment by Norway became other factors in its decline.
Erik himself remained a follower of Norse paganism , unlike his son Leif and Leif's wife, who became Christians. After being baptized by king Olaf Tryggvason , Leif brought the message of Christianity to Greenland, becoming something of an evangelist.Erik the Red held the title of paramount chieftain of Greenland and became both wealthy and greatly respected. Charles Scribner's Sons, During the summers, when the weather favored travel more, each settlement would send an army of men to hunt in Disko Bay above the Arctic Circle for spiele o and other valuable commodities such as seals used for ropeivory from walrus tusks, and Beste Spielothek in Gückelsberg finden whales. He then sailed back on course to Greenland where he converted many people to Christianity including his mother. Rather than wait for community leaders to mete out silversands casino signup bonus, Erik took the law into his own hands and killed his neighbor and Eyiolf. A group staying at the farm erik the red Thorkel summon a seeress by the name of Thorbjorg to relieve them. Latest In Interesting Facts. Inhis banishment ended. Erik the Red was the first permanent European settler. The Eastern and Western Settlements, both established on the southwest coast, proved the only two areas suitable for farming. While not the first to sight the North American continent, Leif Erikson became the first Viking to explore the land of Vinland part of North America, probably near modern-day Newfoundland. Erik Röde ; Faroese: Note anachronistic details in his weapons and armor.